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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF TORBAT HEYDARIYEH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF HEALTH CHIMES)   WINTER 2014 , Volume 1 , Number 4; Page(s) 16 To 25.
 
Paper: 

PREDICTING FACTORS RELATED TO SELF-CARE BEHAVIORS AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL

 
 
Author(s):  VAZINI H., BARATI M.*
 
* SOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, HAMADAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Diabetes is a disease with long cardiovascular, renal, eye and neural complications. Management of the disease requires a certain degree of self-regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the predicting factors related to self-care behaviors among type 2 diabetic patients based on Health Belief Model (HBM).
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 390 diabetic patients referred to Hamadan Diabetes Research Center who were recruited with a simple sampling method. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire including demographic characteristics, self-care behaviors and HBM construct. Data was analyzed by SPSS-19 using coefficient correlation, T-Test, One-way ANOVA, liner regression.
Results: According to the results, Health model explained 29.6% of the variance in frequency of self-care behaviors. Perceived self-efficacy, perceived severity, perceived barrier and perceived susceptibility were the best significant predictors (P<0.05). Significant differences in average score of self-regulation behaviors in related to education level and family history in last care were seen (P<0.05).
Conclusion: These findings suggest that applying Health Belief Model would be an efficient tool for predicting self-care behaviors among diabetic patients.

 
Keyword(s): ATTITUDE, DIABETES, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, SELF-CARE BEHAVIOR
 
References: 
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