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Paper Information

Journal:   ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE   OCTOBER 2013 , Volume 16 , Number 10; Page(s) 594 To 598.
 
Paper: 

INDUCED ABORTION RATE IN IRAN: A META-ANALYSIS (SYSTEMATIC REVIEW)

 
 
Author(s):  MOTAGHI ZAHRA, POOROLAJAL JALAL*, KERAMAT AFSANEH, SHARIATI MOHAMMAD, YUNESIAN MASUD, MASOUMI SEYYEDEH ZAHRA
 
* RESEARCH CENTER FOR MODELING NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES, DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHAHID FAHMIDEH AVE., HAMADAN 6517838695, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

INTRODUCTION: About 44 million induced abortions take place worldwide annually, of which 50% are unsafe. The results of studies investigated the induced abortion rate in Iran are inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the incidence rate of induced abortion in Iran.
METHODS: National and international electronic databases, as well as conference databases until July 2012 were searched. Reference lists of articles were screened and the studies’ authors were contacted for additional unpublished studies. Cross-sectional studies addressing induced abortion in Iran were included in this meta-analysis. The primary outcome of interest was the induced abortion rate (the number of abortions per 1000 women aged 15–44 years in a year) or the ratio (the number of abortions per 100 live births in a year). The secondary outcome of interest was the prevalence of unintended pregnancies (the number of mistimed, unplanned, or unwanted pregnancies per total pregnancies). Data were analyzed using random effect models.
RESULTS: Of 603 retrieved studies, using search strategy, 10 studies involving 102,394 participants were eventually included in the meta-analysis. The induced abortion rate and ratio were estimated as 8.9 per 1000 women aged 15–44 years (95% CI: 5.46, 12.33) and 5.34 per 100 live births (95% CI: 3.61, 7.07), respectively. The prevalence of unintended pregnancy was estimated as 27.94 per 100 pregnant women (95% CI: 23.46, 32.42).
CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis helped a better understanding of the incidence of induced abortion in Iran compared to the other developing countries in Asia. However, additional sources of data on abortion other than medical records and survey studies are needed to estimate the true rate of unsafe abortion in Iran.

 
Keyword(s): INDUCED ABORTION, IRAN, META-ANALYSIS, UNINTENDED PREGNANCY, UNSAFE ABORTION
 
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