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Paper Information

Journal:   TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE JOURNAL   FALL 2011-WINTER 2012 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 39 To 50.
 
Paper: 

MACHINES IN FINISHING PROCESS EFFECTIVE PARAMETERS ON SHRINKAGE COTTON WEFT KNITTED FABRICS (RIB 1×1)

 
 
Author(s):  AFRASHTEH S.*, KARIMI H.R.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE ENGINEERING, QAEMSHAHER BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, QAEMSHAHR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

It is well known that weft knitted fabrics tend to undergo large changes in dimensions and are often prone to distortion upon repeated laundering. A large number of factors are responsible for causing these undesirable effects in knitted structures; these are all associated with the yarn, knitting, finishing and making-up of the fabrics. It is also a fact that consumers are becoming increasingly concerned and aware of fabric quality and expect higher standards of performance than ever before, even after a number of wash and dry cycles. Therefore, raw fabrics (rib 1×1 100% cotton) produced from the scouring, cooking and bleaching, dyeing, stretch, shrink and spread process through all the stages of testing and measuring the density of longitudinal, width and surface fabric (CPC, WPC, SD). Overall the results and their analysis revealed dimensional changes and the percentage of shrinkage depends on the length and width fabrics change the machine settings (speed, tension and over feed). The wet Finishing process of various stages (scouring, cooking and bleaching), maximum effect stead on the dimensional changes of weft knitting fabrics and at the end of this process, fabric is better dimensional stability. Speed and tension variations of their influence on width shrinkage, but in later stages of supplementary (dry), stretch, shrink and eventually spreads, good dimensional changes of the previous steps, because the consumer's request kg/m fixed, their lost and ultimately undesirable dimensional changes of fabric reaches the final consumer.

 
Keyword(s): WEFT KNITTING, SHRINKAGE, RIB 1×1, UNDER FEED, OVER FEED
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

AFRASHTEH, S., & KARIMI, H. (2012). MACHINES IN FINISHING PROCESS EFFECTIVE PARAMETERS ON SHRINKAGE COTTON WEFT KNITTED FABRICS (RIB 1×1). TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE JOURNAL, 7(1), 39-50. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=401410



Vancouver: Copy

AFRASHTEH S., KARIMI H.R.. MACHINES IN FINISHING PROCESS EFFECTIVE PARAMETERS ON SHRINKAGE COTTON WEFT KNITTED FABRICS (RIB 1×1). TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE JOURNAL. 2012 [cited 2021October17];7(1):39-50. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=401410



IEEE: Copy

AFRASHTEH, S., KARIMI, H., 2012. MACHINES IN FINISHING PROCESS EFFECTIVE PARAMETERS ON SHRINKAGE COTTON WEFT KNITTED FABRICS (RIB 1×1). TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE JOURNAL, [online] 7(1), pp.39-50. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=401410.



 
 
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