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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HOLISTIC NURSING AND MIDWIFERY   SUMMER 2014 , Volume 24 , Number 72; Page(s) 18 To 24.
 
Paper: 

CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-CARE AND SELF-EFFICACY IN ADOLESCENTS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES

 
 
Author(s):  REZASEFAT BALESBANEH A., MIRHAGHJOU S.N.*, JAFARI ASL M., KOHMANAEE SH., KAZEMNEJAD LEILI E., MONFARED A.
 
* RASHT ,SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Diabetes Type 1 is one of the most common pediatric chronic conditions. Metabolic control and adherence to medications is weaker in adolescents with diabetes type 1 than preadolescent children. Lack of follow up of treatment regime causes short and long term complications in adolescents with diabetes type 1. So this disease demands special self-care behaviors lifelong. One of the most effective factors on self care is self-efficacy.
Objective: Present study aims to determine the correlation between self-care and self-efficacy among adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of three months from January to March 2011. Subjects included all adolescents with type 1 diabetes (about 50 patients) who referred to the clinic of Pediatric Hospital in Rasht. Data were collected through interview using a three part questionnaire covering demographic data, self-efficacy and self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 19, and descriptive and analytical statistics (Pearson correlation square, one way variance).
Results: Mean score of samples’ self-efficacy was 32.91
±11.79 and self-care mean was 131.86±15.88. In this study, Pearson correlation square showed a significant positive correlation between self-care and self-efficacy (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: This study showed a significant positive correlation between self-care and selfefficacy. Therefore self-efficacy is significant pre factor for successful self-care behavior and promotion of self-efficacy methods can improve self-care of diabetic adolescents.

 
Keyword(s): SELF-EFFICACY, SELF-CARE, DIABETES MELLITUS/ TYPE1, ADOLESCENT
 
References: 
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