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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING RESEARCH   FALL 2013 , Volume 8 , Number 3 (30); Page(s) 27 To 36.
 
Paper: 

NURSING STUDENT'S ATTITUDE AND MOTIVATION TOWARDS WORK IN CANCER SETTINGS

 
 
Author(s):  GHIYASVANDIAN SH., ZAKERIMOGHADAM M.*, NOORI KERMANSHAHI S., HAGHANI H.
 
* SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: One of the main goals of bachelor's degree program in nursing produce graduates to meet the needs of the community and employment in various settings of health and medical care while after graduation in Iran recruitment of nurses in cancer nursing is difficult. It is important to understand why working in cancer areas is not popular. The aim of this study identifies Iranian undergraduate nursing students' attitude and motivation toward employment in cancer settings after graduation.
Method: A cross sectional study 2010 was carried out in three nursing schools. The participants were 469 nursing student who were in third and fourth year of their nursing education. Data was collected using self-completed questionnaires that their validity was substantiated by the results of the research from the perspective of experts in nursing and the reliability was measured through Cronbach Alpha Coefficient, the alpha coefficient of which was equal to 81% and then was analyzed by SPSS and by means of descriptive and inferential statistical methods.
Results: Statistically significant difference was detected between gender, academic year, and clinical experience with cancer patient, and passing theory credit of cancer before practice. The independent Test also showed significant differences between the two academic years (P<0.05). The fourth year students had higher grades in the parts of emotion, feeling, behavior, and total score of attitude and motivation questionnaires than the other. Students who had not passed the cancer theory credit had higher grades in parts of behavior, attitude and motivational factors which with use of the independent t -test a statistically significant difference was seen (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that nursing students have negative attitude towards working in cancer wards. The highest rank among motivational factors was the unusable theory trainings and the lowest rank was the disproportionate cancer theoretical course content with the real needs in the cancer ward. Changing these attitudes presents a significant challenge. Curricula need to be reviewed, and revise the content.
Nursing schools and nursing educators must reconsider their performance and hospital managers must improve environment and working conditions of cancer settings.

 
Keyword(s): NURSING STUDENT, ATTITUDE, MOTIVATION, WORK, CANCER WARD
 
References: 
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