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Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION   SPRING 2013 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 21 To 31.
 
Paper: 

PREVENTING HIV TRANSMISSION AMONG THE OPIATE- DEPENDENT POPULATION IN ZARANDIEH: EVALUATION OF THE HBM-BASED EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

 
 
Author(s):  KARIMY MAHMOOD*, ABEDI AHMAD REZA, AMIN SHOKRAVI FARKHONDEH, TAVAFIAN SEDIGHEH SADAT
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH EDUCATION AND PROMOTION, ZARANDIEH ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, ZARANDIEH, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Aims: Drug users form the main HIV-affected group in Iran. About two-third of all the individuals affected by HIV in Iran are those who use drug through injection. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of health belief model (HBM) on prevention of HIV transmission among the opiate-dependent population in Zarandieh.
Methods and Materials: This is a quasi-experimental intervention study carried out on 49 addicted men in Zarandieh. was collected using a questionnaire, based on HBM and the group completed the questionnaire. According to the pre-test, the educational intervention was designed and implemented. Three months after the intervention, the post-test was performed and analyzed using the primary questionnaire and X2, T-test.
Findings: The findings indicated that the mean scores of HBM Model constructs (self efficacy, susceptibility, severity and benefit) increased significantly after intervention and the perceived barriers decreased (p<0.001). Also, the history of HIV testing reported 8%before intervention, while the rate increased to 48.6% after intervention.
Conclusions: This finding provides initial support for designing and implementation of health education program, based on the HBM on Preventing HIV transmission among Opiate-dependent population.

 
Keyword(s): HEALTH EDUCATION, AIDS, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL
 
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