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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC DENTAL ASSOCIATION OF IRAN (MAJALLAH-I-DANDANPIZISHKI)   SUMMER 2013 , Volume 25 , Number 2 (87); Page(s) 141 To 147.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFICACY OF AN ENDODONTIC INSTRUCTIONAL MULTIMEDIA PROGRAM FOR ENHANCING THE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS OF DENTAL STUDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  NASERI M., AHANGARI Z.*, SHANTIAEE Y., RASEKHI J., KANGARLOU A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENDODONTICS, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Full-scale demonstration of treatment phases on actual patients by an instructor is currently the conventional technique for practical instruction on endodontics. In this method, most students do not get the chance to closely observe the clinical procedure due to the small size of oral cavity. This study aimed at assessing the efficacy of an instructional multimedia program in endodontics for enhancing the knowledge and skills of dental students.
Materials and Methods: In this randomized interventional trial, students taking the course of clinical endodontics were divided into two groups receiving conventional live demonstration alone or in combination with an instructional multimedia (DVD). Baseline knowledge of students and their level of knowledge and skills after the intervention regarding practical endodontics were assessed by a pre-test and post-test, respectively. Data were compared between the two groups using Kruskal Wallis test.
Results: No significant differences were noted between the two groups in terms of knowledge or practical skills of students. However, the multimedia instruction significantly reduced the number of studentinquiries to instructors for troubleshooting (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Due to the lack of a significant difference between the two instructional techniques, the multimedia instruction technique may be successfully used as a complement to current conventional techniques for practical instruction on endodontics.

 
Keyword(s): ENDODONTIC INSTRUCTION, KNOWLEDGE, DEMONSTRATION, INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO, SKILLS, MULTIMEDIA
 
References: 
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