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Paper Information

Journal:   HAYAT   WINTER 2013 , Volume 18 , Number 4; Page(s) 28 To 46.
 
Paper: 

EXPLORING NURSE-PATIENT COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES

 
 
Author(s):  FAKHR MOVAHEDI ALI, NEGARANDEH REZA, SALSALI MAHVASH*
 
* DEPT. OF MEDICAL AND SURGICAL NURSING, SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Aim: Nurses are informed from patients needs using effective mutual communications. This study aimed to explore the communication strategies between nurses and patients.
Methods & Materials: This study had a qualitative approach with the content analysis method. Participants included 23 nurses, patients and their families in medical and surgical wards of Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected using interviews and observations. The first and second interviews were conducted unstructured. The semi-structured interviews were then conducted according to the derived concepts from the first and second interviews. We used observation in order to gain a deeper understanding and verifying data from interviews. The observations focused on the interactions between nurses and patients during mutual communications.
Results: A final theme was emerged through the data analysis: adaptation of nurses’ attitudes and performances. This theme derived from three main categories: caring according to acute needs of patients, creating a professional realm, and participation. The caring according to acute needs of patients included subcategories such as identifying patients’ acute needs and nurses’ communication behavior. Creating the professional realm implicated on the clarifying roles and maintaining of privacy communication. Participation was defined as the audience and content.
Conclusion: The findings showed that nurses, in response to the underlying conditions of nursing care, assimilate their attitudes and performances to be able to meet their professional needs and their patients’ needs. In fact, the main character of nurse-patient communication is nurses’ active role and patients’ passive role.

 
Keyword(s): NURSING, NURSE-PATIENT COMMUNICATION, QUALITATIVE CONTENT ANALYSIS, STRATEGIES
 
References: 
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