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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARDABIL UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JAUMS)   JUNE-SEPTEMBER 2004 , Volume 3 , Number 12; Page(s) 18 To 22.
 
Paper: 

LEADING CAUSES OF CHILD HOSPITALIZATION IN ARDABIL

 
 
Author(s):  BARAK M.*, AMINI SANI N., ABBASGHOLIZADEH N., MIRZARAHIMI MEHRDAD
 
* Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
 
Abstract: 
Background & Objective: Each year thousands of children under five years old die due to acute respiratory infection and diarrheal diseases. A huge number of infants and children are hospitalized and visited by the physicians whereas most of these diseases can be prevented with timely treatment. Child health maintenance and improvement is one of the most important considerations in each society. Moreover, identifying child morbidity patterns should be a matter of concern in order to improve the health services. This study provides an overview of the leading causes of hospitalization among children with the aim of determining the most important causes of hospitalization and offering appropriate strategies to decrease them.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2001 in Ardabil Ali-Asghar hospital. The subjects were randomly selected from the admission list on a daily basis. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics such as age, sex, time of admission and primary diagnosis was completed for each subject. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics.
Results: A total of 1945 patients were admitted almost half of which were studied. Febrile convulsion was found to be the most common cause of hospitalization (26%) while gastroenteritis (22.1%) and pneumonia (20%) were in the second and third order. Other causes included epilepsy, drug poisoning, meningitis, mumps, drug encephalitis, asthma, etc.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, standard case management is necessary especially about febrile convulsion which is the most common cause of hospitalization. Since the present pattern is different from similar studies, further investigations are required to identify its causes.
 
Keyword(s): HOSPITALIZATION, FEBRILE CONVULSION, GASTROENTERITIS, PNEUMONIA
 
References: 
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