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Paper Information

Journal:   IRAN JOURNAL OF NURSING (IJN)   DECEMBER 2011 , Volume 24 , Number 73; Page(s) 55 To 62.
 
Paper: 

GENERAL SELF EFFICACY IN ELDERLY LIVING IN REST-HOMES

 
 
Author(s):  TORKI Y., HAJIKAZEMI E.S.*, BASTANI F., HAGHANI H.
 
* CENTER FOR NURSING CARE RESEARCH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & Aims: Self-efficacy is closely related with different dimensions of the elderly life such as their health and quality of life. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the self-efficacy of the elderly living in rest homes and its relationship with their personal characteristic in west Tehran.
Material & Methods: It was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 100 above 60 years old males and females elderly who were living in rest-homes of west Tehran for six consecutive months at least. Sample selection was done using stratified sampling with proportionate allocation during 2010. Data collected with GSE-10 and analyzed using T-test, ANOVA, Shefe exact test, and Regression analysis with SPSS (v.16).
Results: The mean score for general self-efficacy was 21.44
±3.83 (of maximum of 40 according to GSE-10). ANOVA showed that the difference between the three age groups of 60-70, 71-80, and about 81was significant (p=0.001). Self-efficacy of men was more the women (p=0.003). There was a significant relationship between the elderly self-efficacy and their education (p=0.05), and duration of living in rest- homes (p=0.011). Linear regressions showed that the general self-efficacy was mostly related with sex (b1.54, p=0.004).
Conclusion: Regarding the low level of self- efficacy of the elderly living in the rest- homes, especially the women, more attention should be paid to promotion of their self-efficacy, by heath care professionals. Interventional studies is recommended to assess the effect of appropriate programs on the elderly self-efficacy.

 
Keyword(s): GENERAL SELF-EFFICACY, ELDERLY, REST-HOMES
 
References: 
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