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Paper Information

Journal:   PLUME   FALL 2010-WINTER 2011 , Volume 6 , Number 12; Page(s) 115 To 129.
 
Paper: 

THE PRELUDE IN RACINE'S TRAGEDIES

 
 
Author(s):  ZATALYAN GHOLAM REZA, ALLAHVERDI EFFAT
 
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Abstract: 
The very first segment of a classical play is known as “prelude”.Prelude forms the first chapter of a classical play. In this chapter, heroes and heroines previously introduced in brief by the playwright, discuss the issues which gradually lead to the crisis that shape the theme of tragedy.Prelude is considered as one of the most challenging segments of a classical play. It was an indispensable element for the playwrights who followed the Classicism School of literature. In Racine’s tragedies, however, one can read some of the most alluring and comprehensive forms of prelude.From the very beginning of the play, Racine succeeds to deeply impress his audience by heroes/heroines who desperately seek deliverance in their confrontation with crises, threats and problems.Effort will be made in this paper to study the methodology of Racine in developing his preludes in the four tragedies of Andromach, Britannicus, Berenice and Phedra. The purpose is to evaluate the remarkable and precise approach of this playwright to prepare his audience believes and accepts “this glorious melancholy that lies beneath the entire pleasure of tragedy”.French: La scene d’exposition dans la tragedie racinienneDans la structure interne d’une piece classique, l’exposition est le premier chapitre, celui qui se trouve au d ebut de l’oeuvre et qui nourrit l’intrigue dans les scenes suivantes. Pour composer cette scene, comme pour composer toute une pi ece, le dramaturge doit se soumettre aux regles strictes du classicisme, ce qui rend plus difficile la tache de l’ecrivain. Dans cette ecole, la tragedie de Racine est souvent consideree comme le modele du theatre classique. Elle touche son spectateur/lecteur des les premieres scenes, la ou les protagonistes, se trouvant dans une crise deja formee, parlent de tensions et de menaces longtemps accumulees ou bien ils en cherchent desesperement une porte de sorite. Dans l’article present, nous essaierons a travers quatre tragedies majeures de Racine, de presenter la methode qu’il applique pour composer ses sc enes d’exposition; nous allons aussi voir les effets calcules et rares par lesquels il prepare son spectateur a recevoir «cette tristesse majestueuse qui fait tout le plaisir de la tragedie». (preface de Berenice)keywords: Exposition, Andromaque, Britannicus, Berenice, Phedre, Scene Initiale, Vraisemblance, Confident
 
Keyword(s): PRELUDE, ANDROMACH, BRITANNICUS, BERENICE, PHEDRA, OPENING ACT, REALISM, CONFIDANT
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

ZATALYAN, G., & ALLAHVERDI, E. (2011). THE PRELUDE IN RACINE'S TRAGEDIES. PLUME, 6(12), 115-129. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=258291



Vancouver: Copy

ZATALYAN GHOLAM REZA, ALLAHVERDI EFFAT. THE PRELUDE IN RACINE'S TRAGEDIES. PLUME. 2011 [cited 2021December02];6(12):115-129. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=258291



IEEE: Copy

ZATALYAN, G., ALLAHVERDI, E., 2011. THE PRELUDE IN RACINE'S TRAGEDIES. PLUME, [online] 6(12), pp.115-129. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=258291.



 
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