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Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC ART   FALL 2010-WINTER 2011 , Volume 7 , Number 13; Page(s) 69 To 88.
 
Paper: 

INSCRIPTIONS OF PLASTERWORK MIHRABS OF THE SELJUK ERA

 
 
Author(s):  SAHEBIBAZAZ MANSOUREH*
 
* AZAD UNIVERSITY, CENTRAL BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

In Persian architecture, decoration has an essential role. During the Islamic era depicting the human face was prohibited; hence, the Muslim artist portrays the most magnificent forms of decoration in the arrangement of abstract designs to ornament a religious and spiritual structure. Also, the Arabic language, being the language of the Holy Quran, entered all aspects of a Muslims’ lives including industrial and architectural elements.
From the 10th century AD (4th Hegira), the use of Quranic verses in religious monuments especially in decorating the mihrab began; however, in the 11th century AD (5th Hegira) during the reign of the Seljuk era, many innovations took place in decorating mosques and monuments. Proficient calligraphers and designers dexterously combined the Arabic script with sublime aesthetical features and added eminence to it. In this regard many structures and mihrabs were ornamented with the words of God. Initially, these decorations were carried out brick arrangement and rectangular Kufic and later plaster replaced brick for its easiness in use and improved consequences. With the development of knotted Kufic, other scripts of decorative Kufic and the Naskh and Thuluth script; decorative elements with arabesque and geometric patterns adorned mosques and tombs.
According to research, the vast majority of these decorative elements are found in mosques throughout Isfahan and the Quranic verses customarily denote to the traits of Prayer and the role of mosque in Islam. In this article, other than focusing on the inscriptions of the mihrabs of Seljuk mosques (11th -12th century AD; 5th – 6th Hegira), the development of script in the renowned plasterworks of this age will be discussed.
Research questions:
1- what are the concepts and ornamentations applied on Seljuq inscriptions?
2- How has script developed in the decoration of mihrabs in the 5th – 6th/11th -12th centure?
Aims of research:
1- Introducing the plasterwork mihrabs of the Seljuk period.
2- Exploring the script, content and decoration of Seljuk mihrabs.

 
Keyword(s): SELJUK ERA, PLASTERWORK MIHRAB, INSCRIPTION, DECORATION AND CONTENT
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 71
 
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