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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PLANT BIOLOGY   WINTER 2012 , Volume 3 , Number 10; Page(s) 11 To 22.
 
Paper: 

CALLUS PRODUCTION AND REGENERATION OF MEDICINAL PLANT PAPAVER PSEUDO-ORIENTALE UNDER IN VITRO CONDITIONS

 
 
Author(s):  HAGHIGHAT HOUR MARYAM, ASGHARI ZAKARIA RASOOL*, ZARE NASER
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CROP PRODUCTION AND BREEDING, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF MOHAGHEGH ARDABILI, ARDABIL, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Papaver pseudo-orientale in section Oxytona of Papaver genus is an important source of alkaloids such as isothebaine. In this research, callus production and regeneration of this species from hypocotyl-cotyledon explants under in vitro conditions were investigated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) and Gamborg (B5) basic media supplemented with different levels of Kinetin (Kin), Benzyladenine (BA) and Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) at 16-h photoperiod and 20 °C. Analysis of variance showed significant (P<0.01) differences between different culture media for callus induction rate, callus weight, shoot induction rate, shoot weight, root induction rate and root weight. Results showed that the proper media for P. pseudo-oriental callogenesis were MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l BA and 0.5 mg/l NAA and B5 medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l Kin and 1.0 mg/l NAA and the most favorable medium for regeneration of the studied species was B5 medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l Kin and 0.5 mg/l NAA.

 
Keyword(s): REGENERATION, IN VITRO CULTURE, PHYTOHORMONES, PAPAVERACEAE, PAPAVER PSEUDO-ORIENTALE
 
References: 
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