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Paper Information

Journal:   EQTESAD-E KESHAVARZI VA TOWSE'E   September 2001 , Volume 9 , Number 2 (34); Page(s) 257 To 280.
 
Paper: 

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY IN RURAL AREAS OF KALALEH

 
 
Author(s):  PAGH"EH N.M., EZKIA M., REZVANFAR A.
 
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Abstract: 

Poverty is one of the most serious problems of present time for the governments and policy makers. Despite remarkable economic development, millions of people throughout the world live in absolute poverty especially in the rural areas. Study on factors affecting poverty, particularly rural poverty will help experts and policy makers to formulate a plan for alleviation of poverty in the deprived parts of the rural areas. To study socio-economic determinants of poverty in Kalaleh, at the begining by the use of multiple stratified random sampling method all respondents were stratified according to inter grated indices like wealth, occupation, education and benefit-cost ratio. According to results of the study, two groups of people (i) land owner group (large, medium and small farmers), and (ii) landless group (large, medium and small farmers) were distinguished. Then by the use of median-income method, poverty line was calculated in the rural society. The results of the study revealed that, 15.7 percent of farmers were living under poverty line. For the study of factors affecting rural poverty, all farmers under poverty line, enumerated. Analysis of the data showed that, agricultural economic factors were the main factors of creating poverty. Occupation situation, social relationships, and extent of social participation were other factors that influenced poverty level of rural people under study. In this study other factors such as household annual income, as well as accessibility of the village to service facilities were also taken into account.

 
Keyword(s): POVERTY, POVERTY LINE, RURAL POVERTY, SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY
 
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