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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY   Spring-Summer 2002 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 33 To 43.
 
Paper: 

SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION THROUGH TRANSFORMATIONAL EXORCISM

 
 
Author(s):  BULOOKBASHI A.*
 
* Center for Great Islamic Encyclopaedia, Cultural Research Bureau
 
Abstract: 

In Iranian and Islamic societies, some winds are assumed as spirits or jinn and it is believed that when these winds enter into the human body, possessed the people and cast a spell over them. These winds or jinn-spirits are categorized as detrimental or innocuous. In order to possess and tame the evil-spirits or to drive out the Evil from the body of a demoniac, who has been struck or possessed by a demon-spirit or a jinn-spirit, the medicine men(magician-physicians) or exorcists use two therapeutic methods, namely transformational and permenent. In the permenent therapeutic method, the patient is completely cured and is then returned to his social group, whereas in transformational therapeutic method, the demon-wind or the jinn-spirit is not driven out from the body of a demoniac and thereby is mounted on the body to transmute the personality of the person supposedly possessed by an evil spirit. This would give the person a new social identity. It is then that the person joins the others possessed by evil spirits and starts a new life in society.

 
Keyword(s): AHL-E HAWA (THE PEOPLE OF DEMON-WINDS CULT), ANIMISM, JINN-SPIRITS, MAGICIAN-PHYSICIANS, MASHAYEKH SPIRIT, PERMENENT THERAPEUTIC METHOD, SOCIAL IDENTITY FORMATION, TRANSFORMATIONAL THERAPEUTIC METHOD, WIND-SPIRITS, ZAR-SPIRIT
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

BULOOKBASHI, A. (2002). SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION THROUGH TRANSFORMATIONAL EXORCISM. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY, 1(1), 33-43. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=22091



Vancouver: Copy

BULOOKBASHI A.. SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION THROUGH TRANSFORMATIONAL EXORCISM. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY. 2002 [cited 2021October27];1(1):33-43. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=22091



IEEE: Copy

BULOOKBASHI, A., 2002. SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION THROUGH TRANSFORMATIONAL EXORCISM. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY, [online] 1(1), pp.33-43. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=22091.



 
 
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