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Paper Information

Journal:   DANESHVAR MEDICINE   June-July 2001 , Volume 8 , Number 33; Page(s) 65 To 70.
 
Paper: 

INTEGRATED PHYSICAL EDUCATION

 
 
Author(s):  MOZAFARI A.A.*
 
* DEPL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, TEHRAN TEACHER TRAINING UNIV
 
Abstract: 

The importance of physical education in a comprehensive, integrated model has been well-documented, and we must actively pursue this model of integration if we are to dispel common perceptions, survive a discipline, and continue to have a positive impact on students (Heitman & Kneer, 1976; Humphrey, 1990).
Physical education will be much better understood when it is correlated as often as possible with other subject matter areas. There is hardly a subject in the modern school that doesnot lend itself at some time or other to the topic of physical education. The impact of sports alone is considerable. They relate to numerous social, commercial, and psychological aspects of society. They can be written about in English, humanized in geography, appraised for their beauty, symmetry, and form in the art class.
What forms might be assumed by an integrated physical education curriculum in the schools? Fogarty (1991) suggests two forms of integration:
1. Internal Integration (within the field of physical education).
2. External Integration (integration with other subject matters).
What are the potential benefits and problems of adopting an integrated curriculum, whether internally or externally integrated?
Placek (1995) gathered responses from a group of elementary and secondary teachers who attended on a workshop on integration and were ~ked to write down their perceptions of advantages and problems of initiating an integrated curriculum. The teachers listed the following advantages:
(1) Students benefit by increased learning, (2) students learn that physical education and other subjects are linked, (3) physical education benefits as it is seen as not just "play" but a real subject, and (4) teachers benefit through opportunities for team teaching.

 
Keyword(s): INTEGRATED EDUCATION, INTEGRATED PHYSICAL EDUCATION
 
References: 
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