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Paper Information

Journal:   TAHGHIGHAT-E-EGHTESADI   Fall-Winter 2001-2002 , Volume - , Number 59; Page(s) 117 To 147.
 
Paper: 

EFFICIENCY OF MAJOR UNIVERSITIES IN IRAN (USING DEA METHOD)

 
 
Author(s):  SAMETI M., REZVANI M.A.
 
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Abstract: 
Study of economic efficiency is of particular significance in evaluation of the public sector of the economy. There two alternative Critorias for the measurement of efficiency: namely Ratio Analysis, and Frontier Analysis. The first criteria takes the ratio of inputs as compared to the outputs. The second criteria, however, first attempts to stablish the product and cost efficiency frontiers. Then it indicates those activities on the frontier as optimal operations. While the activities under the frontier are considered as inefficient. Estimation of efficiency frontiers and comparing the position of each firm"s location to them is the main stage of analysis.
Both econometric methods and linear Programming methods can be employed for this purpose.
Data Envelope Analysis (DEA) is a particular linear Programming method where there is no special depency form.
This paper intends to use the DEA method for the measurement of factor efficiency in 36 major universities in Iran. The study concludes that 14 of the institutions are found to be efficient under constant return to scale condition. while under a variable return to scale criteria there are 16 universities categorized as efficient. The average efficiency ratio is estimated as 0.808 under the first asumption, and it is 0.858 under the second asumption.
 
Keyword(s): UNIVERSITY, PUBLIC SECTOR EFFICIENCY, TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY
 
References: 
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