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Paper Information

Journal:   TAHGHIGHAT-E-EGHTESADI   Spring-Summer 2000-2001 , Volume - , Number 58; Page(s) 113 To 146.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF ADJUSTMENT POLICIES ON POVERTY & INCOME DISTRIBUTION (THE CASE OF IRAN 1338-1372)

 
 
Author(s):  PARVIN SOHEYLA, ZEYDI R.
 
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Abstract: 
This paper used a general equilibrium model to evaluate the effects of Adjustment Polices. The model includes both demand and supply side equations. Relationships concerning household and government income are also included in model.
Iterative three-stage least squares method is used to estimate the model. Then the model is used to simulate the effect of seven alternative policies on poverty and income distribution. The results indicate that:
1- Poverty and income inequality increases the most as the result of a devaluation policy and increases the least as a result of increase in government expenditure,
2- Postponement of adjustment policies will result in more equitable distribution of income,
3- Implementation of the first five - year development plan did not result in a more equitable distribution of income as compared with the current government policies,
4- Sen, Foster, Greer and Thorbecke indexes indicate that current government policies have the least effect on increasing poverty level.
01 Abstract I The postponement of adjustment policies will result in alleviation of poverty.
 
Keyword(s): ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT POLICIES, POVERTY AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION, GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL DEVALUATION POLICY, ECONOMY OF IRAN.
 
References: 
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