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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES   Spring-Summer 2001 , Volume 11 , Number 37-38; Page(s) 193 To 236.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE RATE OF PEOPLE"S PARTICIPATION IN SIX PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN IRAN AFTER THE VICTORY OF ISLAMIC REVOLUTION. (1979-1993)

 
 
Author(s):  RAZI D.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
This study is te investigate the quantity and change of the rate of peoples participation in six presidential elections from 1358-1372 in different provinces of the country. Also there was an attempt to use social and economical approach of modernization theory to describe the way of sociological factors and variants affect the rate of peoples participation in persidential elections.
Some of the following results obtained:
1. The rate of peoples participation in persidential elections during the six elections (58-72) has been fluctuating, but as a whole the procedure of the changes had a decrease in the rate of participation.
2. The rate of peoples participation in presidential elections in the provinces where the number of individuals believing in shite religion (Esnaashary) are more than the other religions (Tasannon and Christianity and ...) and also the less populated provinces in which citizenship is low, the participation was more than the other provinces.
3. The rate of partticipation in border provinces lower than other provinces, however at the begining of the revolution these provinces enjoyed a higher rate of paticipation.
4. The result of multi-analysis of regression with (144) cases shows that 9 percent inflation, 6 percent unemployment, 3 percent urbanization, 8 percent literacy and 2 percent of sexual ratio which totally make up 29 percent of the factors were significant in the fluctuation in elections. These are the factors of change of the rate of peoples participation in 6 presidential elections.Because of the weak and unmeaningful relation with other factors, industralization factorscouldnt enter the regression equation.
Inflation, unemployment and urbanization had a negative effect and literacy and sexual ratio had a positive effect on the rate of participation in persidential elections.
The main factors affecting fluctuation in elections were found to be the inflation factors (74%) and literacy (67%) and the least significant refer to the sexual ratio (15%).
 
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