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Paper Information

Journal:   HISTORY OF ISLAM & IRAN   WINTER 2010 , Volume 19 , Number 4 (81); Page(s) 171 To 202.
 
Paper: 

THE THEORETICAL CONFRONTATION OF "DOMINANCE" AND "RESISTANCE" DISCOURSES IN THE CORRESPONDENCE OF MANSOUR DAVANIGHI AND MOHAMMAD NAFS ZAKIEH

 
 
Author(s):  VALAVI A.M.*, KARIMI GHAHI M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, ALZAHRA UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Once the Holy Prophet of Islam passed away, the Arabs accepted the reality of obeying a centralized government and continued the tradition of the Prophet through choosing him a successor. As a result, the episteme and knowledge system was formed based on the foundation of the legitimacy of power in Islam, and resulted to many societies, speeches, and works. Discourses and works were produced out of the said societies, each having special definitions of the foundation of the legitimacy of government. One of the most important confronts in this regard is the confront of Hassanid and Abbasid Gentocrats (Sadat), presented in the letters of two most important leaders of these two movements, i.e. Mansour Davanighi and Mohammad Ibn Abdollah Nafs Zakieh. This has continued for centuries in terms of deep theoretical challenges among the three sidesof the power triangle of Hashemid i.e. Bani- al- Hossein Sadat, Banial-Hassan Sadat, and Abbasid caliphs.
To find of the political discourses of the Islamic society in the 1st half of the 2nd Hegira century based on Foucault’s analytical model requires referring to the archives of the said era and finding out the episteme governing then. For this purpose, the correspondence of Mohammad Ibn Abdollah and Mansour has been studied from the mass of evidences.
From the discourse analysis point of view, we tried to analyze the political, religious, and governmental views in the said letters and to answer to these questions:
- Which discourse did the said texts produce in the Islamic society.
-Which strategies did the authors of the said discourses present for the continuation of the Islamic government.
-What were the fundamentals of the legitimacy of power in their view.

 
Keyword(s): MOHAMMAD NAFS ZAKIEH, MANSOUR DAVANIGHI, LEGITIMACY, TRADITION, GOVERNMENT, DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
 
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