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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   FALL 2010 , Volume 16 , Number 3 (62); Page(s) 383 To 384.
 
Paper: 

Psychological Aspects Of Conversion Disorders

 
 
Author(s):  Bigdeli M.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Conversion reaction is a rather acute and temporary loss or alteration in motor or sensory functions that appears to stem from psychological issues (conflict). The classic syndromes resemble neurological syndromes. Conversion motor symptoms mimic syndromes such as paralysis, ataxia, dysphagia, or seizure disorder (pseudoseizures) and the sensory ones mimic neurological deficits such as blindness, deafness, or anesthesia. There also can be disturbances of consciousness (amnesia, fainting spells). Nonneurological syndromes such as pseudocyesis (false pregnancy) or psychogenic vomiting have also been placed under the conversion disorder category. Paul Briquet and Jean-Martin Charcot contributed to the development of the concept of conversion disorder. The term conversion was introduced by Sigmund Freud, who hypothes-ized that the symptoms of conversion disorder reflect unconscious conflicts. Many controversial explanations have been offered to account for hysterical conversion reactions. There are some who claim that there is no such condition and others who explain it as a normal response to stress. Other theories claim that hysterical conversion reactions indicate a primary psychiatric disease, such as schizophrenia, recurrent depression or character disorder, which is preceded by hysterical symptoms. The most widely accepted theory is that proposed by Freud, whose theory holds that the hysterical personality structure develops at the genital level and is due to a failure in the resolution of the Oedipal conflict.According to Freudian theory, hysterical symptoms are disguised memory traces of sexual trauma (real and imagined) which have been repressed in childhood; this repression has failed however in later life. The development of the symptoms is an attempt to resolve the psychological conflict. If the resolution is unsuccessful, anxiety is reduced and the patient achieves a; primary gain. In addition to reducing anxiety , which is an intra-psychic process, the conversion symptom further serve to help cope with a threatening environment by removing the patient from situations that are potentially a threat. This is known as; secondary gain...
 
Keyword(s): CONVERSION REACTION, HYSTERICAL SYMPTOMS
 
 
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APA: Copy

BIGDELI, M. (2010). PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CONVERSION DISORDERS. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 16(3 (62)), 383-384. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=194826



Vancouver: Copy

BIGDELI M.. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CONVERSION DISORDERS. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2010 [cited 2022January26];16(3 (62)):383-384. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=194826



IEEE: Copy

BIGDELI, M., 2010. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CONVERSION DISORDERS. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, [online] 16(3 (62)), pp.383-384. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=194826.



 
 
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