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Paper Information

Journal:   HOVIATESHAHR   SPRING-SUMMER 2010 , Volume 4 , Number 6; Page(s) 3 To 14.
 
Paper: 

IRANIAN URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE DURING TRANSMISSION PERIOD

 
 
Author(s):  EBRAHIMI SOMAYEH*, ESLAMI S.GH.R.
 
* FACULTY OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Iran contemporary architecture is in a critical situation because our society is changing by industrialization, globalization and today by information revolution. Art and architecture have a great role to make our identity and society organization. Transmission from traditional society to modern and then network society have made many pleasant and unpleasant influences on our life style, behavior, collective wisdom and also on our physical world, environment, cities and buildings. Iranian society experienced transmission from traditional to modern society without any scientific, cultural, educational, artistic infrastructures. Today, emergence of network society influenced every aspects of our life and has a great challenge by tradition and its rules.
The transition term means changing from one status to another status that has been occurred during a period of time, creating new things and transforming many existent identities.
Therefore, the transition era as an “indefinite period of time” is an effective and challenging period during our history. Studying this period of time can assist the societies to understand the changes in a better way and to reorganize all their infrastructures, thereby immune themselves against lack of development in all fields and its consequences.
Nowadays, The Iranian society faces with another transition to the network society for which some of the initial infrastructures underpinned by telecommunication and information technologies had been established. The raise of speed reduced the required time for occurring the eventualities and in contrast to the past that transition from agriculture to industry had taken many centuries, transition to electronic world and network society occurs in a shorter period of time. These changes occur so fast that failure to detect the status will face the societies with shocks and their consequences in the future. Sufficient knowledge and good plan for the predictable future can help the society to pass through the crises of transition period in all fields and benefited from changes in favor of all fields.
The first step of this research is to know about our situation and transmission era to make new sustainable structure for our societies and our physical world. In this article our focus is on Iran contemporary architecture, specially in the last decades. Technology and modernization have changed our physical world. Our cities have a great physical growth in the last three decades.
Iran architecture today is suffering from abnormal, odd, unreasonable constructions which mostly have made by a confused society not architects. Illness of economy, unreasonable politics and programs make great disorders in the body of our cities. Today also we can find a few masterpieces of architecture which can make our identity in new era of modernization and globalization. the role of architecture in the world in which the borders are crossing out, traditional societies are demolishing, network societies are developing, reality and virtuality are extremely close together, collective intelligence is replacing individualism, patriarchy families are destructing, human bodies are equipping with electronic tools, environment is stepping forward toward destruction and resource depletion, information viruses are spreading, will be explained briefly in this article.

 
Keyword(s): CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE, CONSTRUCTION, MODERNITY, MODERN ARCHITECTURE, IDENTITY CRISIS, NETWORK SOCIETY
 
References: 
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