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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH   SUMMER 2008 , Volume 2 , Number 2; Page(s) 5 To 14.
 
Paper: 

MINDFULNESS- BASED COGNITIVE THERAPY (MBCT) DECREASES AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS AND DYSFUNCTIONAL ATTITUDES

 
 
Author(s):  KAVIANI HOSSEIN, HATAMI N., JAVAHERI F.
 
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Abstract: 

This research aimed to investigate the impact of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depression, negative automatic thoughts and dysfunctional attitude.
A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design including an experimental group and a control group was used. Of about 1000 students living in university dormitories, 150 students randomly were selected from all students living in the University dormitories. Then, they all filled in BDI. Of those who scored 15 or above on BDI, 30 were randomly selected and randomized in two groups. Both groups filled in the questionnaires, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ), and Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS), before and after the therapy. The experimental group took part in an eight-session benefiting from a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) procedure.
No treatment was received by the control group. Each MBCT session took about 1.5 - 2 hours. Then, the data were analyzed by using SPSS 13 for Windows and the research hypotheses were tested conducting a series of two-way ANOVAs, Pearson Product- Moment Correlation tests and Independent t-tests to investigate the effects of the therapy. The results indicated that a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy decreases negative automatic thoughts, dysfunctional attitudes, and depression.
The results confirmed the hypotheses. Furthermore, the findings will be theoretically discussed in comparison with previous studies.

 
Keyword(s): DEPRESSION, MINDFULNESS, COGNITIVE THERAPY, NEGATIVE AUTOMATIC THOUGHT
 
References: 
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