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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MILITARY MEDICINE   Fall 2003 , Volume 5 , Number 3; Page(s) 207 To 210.
 
Paper: 

MAXILLOFACIAL FRACTURES: INCIDENCE, ETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT, A 5-YEAR STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  KALANTAR MOTAMEDI M.H., SHAMS M.G.
 
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Abstract: 

The causes and incidence of facial fractures are various and continue to change studies form Nigeria, Libya, Europe, and the United States showed that traffic accidents were the most frequent because official fractures. Now, assaults are the most common cause of facial Both the incidence and etiology of maxillofacial fractures vary from one country to another. Reports on the causes and incidence of maxillofacial fractures in Middle Eastern countries are few. No reports on the incidence and etiology of maxillofacial injuries in Iran have been published. Our study evaluated 211 male and 26 female patients 3 to 73 years of age. The age, sex, cause of injury, site of injury. Type of injure, treatment modalities and complications were evaluated. There were 173 mandibular, 33 maxillary. 32 zygomatic, 57 zygomatico – orbital and 5 cranial, 5 nasal and 4 frontal injuries. Regarding distribution of mandibular fractures the most 32%, were seen in the condylar region, 29.3% in the symphyseal - parasymphyseal region 20% in the angle region, 12.5% in the body 3.1 in the ramus, 1.9% in the dentoalveolar, and 1.2% in the coronoid region. The distrbution of maxillary fractures was: LeFort II in 18, LeFort I in 8, LeFort III in 4, and alveolar in 3, Car accidents caused 73 (30.8%), motorcycle accidents 55 (23.2%) , falls 48 (20.3%) alercations 23 (9.7%), sports 15 (96.3%), and warfare 23 (9.7%) of the mascullofacial injuries. In these study road accidents (cars and motorcycles) were the most common cause of these fractures and comprised 54% of the etiology of the fractures.

 
Keyword(s): MAXILLOFALIAL, FRA, TURES, FREATMENT
 
References: 
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