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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   2005 , Volume 20 , Number 4; Page(s) 425 To 439.
 
Paper: 

ESSENTIAL OIL OF SATUREJA BACHTIARICA BUNGE, A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF CARVACROL

 
 
Author(s):  SEFIDKON F.*, JAMZAD Z., BARAZANDEH M.M.
 
* RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTS AND RANGELANDS, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The genus of Satureja with the persian name of "Marzeh" consists of 14 species in Iran, 9 of them are endemic. One of these endemic species is Satureja bachtiarica.
In this research, the aerial parts of S. bachtiarica were collected from two different localities in Fars and Yazd provinces, at full flowering stage. The plant materials were hydro-distilled in order to obtain their essential oils. The oils were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS. The oil yields were calculated equal to 2.15% for Yazd sample and 1.65% for Fars sample. Twenty compounds were identified in the oil of Fars sample with carvacrol (49.3%), p-cymene (12.7%) and trans-
a-bergamotene (5.8%) as the main components.
Twenty compounds were characterized in the oil of Yazd sample with carvacrol (66.5%), p-cymene (15.2%) and linalool (4.6%) as the main constituents.
The relatively high amount of oil yield and high percentage of carvacrol in the oil of S. bachtiarica, showed that this species could have the medicinal and nutritional uses like S. hortensis and S. montana. These two Satureja species are not native of Iran and S. bachtiarica may be used instead of them.

 
Keyword(s): SATUREJA BACHTIARICA, ESSENTIAL OIL, CARVACROL, P-CYMENE
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 167
 
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