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Paper Information

Title: 

THE EFFECT OF SELECTED PARACHUTE GAMES ON MOTOR AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

Type: POSTER
Author(s): ABANI ARANI MASUMEHAB*,GHOLAMI AMIN,GHASEMI ABDOLLAH
 
 *SCIENCE AND RESEARCH, UNIVERSITY STUDENT
 
Name of Seminar: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SCIENCES
Type of Seminar:  CONFERENCE
Sponsor:  IRAN'S PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS SCIENCES ASSOCIATION
Date:  2016Volume 9
 
 
Abstract: 

INTRODUCTION: THE PRESENT STUDY AIMED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF SELECTED PARACHUTE GAMES ON MOTOR AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN.
METHODOLOGY: 20 PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN FROM ARAN AND BIDGOL CITY (ISFAHAN, IRAN) WERE RANDOMLY SELECTED AND DIVIDED INTO TWO 10-PERSON EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS. TEST OF GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT AND VINELAND SOCIAL MATURITY QUESTIONNAIRE WERE USED TO ASSESS THE MOTOR AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, RESPECTIVELY. RUNNING PRETEST, THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP PLAYED SELECTED PARACHUTE GAMES FOR 8 WEEKS (3 TIMES PER WEEK). THE PARACHUTE IS A ROUND AND COLORED PLAY TOOLS MADE OF LIGHT WEIGHT NYLON FABRIC. CHILDREN HOLD AROUND OF THE PARACHUTE AND PLAY A VARIETY OF GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL ACTIVE GAMES THROUGH THE TEACHER’S GUIDE. AT THE END OF THE PLAY SESSIONS, PRETESTS WERE RE-PERFORMED IN BOTH EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS. DATA WERE ANALYZED USING DESCRIPTIVE (MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION) AND INFERENTIAL (ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE, SHAPIRO-WILK TEST AND LEVIN TEST) STATISTICS USING THE STATISTICAL PACKAGE OF SPSS (VERSION 17) AT A SIGNIFICANCE LEVEL OF 0.05.
RESULTS: SHOWED THAT SELECTED PARACHUTE GAMES SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED RUNNING (P=0.009), JUMPING (P=0.005) AND TROTTING (P=0.011) SKILLS FROM THE DISPLACEMENT SCALE OF THE TEST OF GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS SOCIAL SKILLS (P=0.0001).
DISCUSSION: THEREFORE, TEACHERS OF KINDERGARTENS AND PRESCHOOLS ARE RECOMMENDED TO USE IT TO IMPROVE LOCOMOTOR SKILLS AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN.

 
Keyword(s): MOTOR DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, PARACHUTE GAME
 
 
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