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Journal:   JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY   Winter 2020 , Volume 13 , Number 4 (52) ; Page(s) 625 To 650.
 
Paper: 

Comparison Of Effectiveness Of Eye Movement Desensitization And Reprocessing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, And Emotional Freedom Technique In Reducing Anxiety In Patients With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 
 
Author(s):  Alamdar Baghini A., Mohammadtehrani H.*, Behbodi M., Kiamanesh A.R.
 
* Department of Psychology, Zarand Azad University, Zarand, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the three therapeutic effects of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) in reducing anxiety in patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Method: Method was quasi-experimental with three experimental groups, one control group and pre-test, post-test and a twomonth follow-up. The statistical population was 486 patients referred to Kerman Neurology and Psychiatry Hospital in 2018. 60 men were selected in purposeful sampling method and randomly assigned to four groups of 15. In group 1, six 45-minute sessions of Shapiro solo EMDR (2014) were performed. In group 2 six 60-minute sessions of group CBT of Dugas & Robichaud (2007) were performed. And in group 3 six 60-minute sessions solo EFT of Church (2014) were performed. All the Four groups completed the Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg & Jacobs's Anxiety Inventory (1983) in three stages. Data were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance. Results: Results in group 1showed that at the level of 99% confidence, state anxiety (F = 42. 36) and trait (F = 12. 66), in group 2, state anxiety (F = 5. 38) and trait and in group 3, state anxiety (F = 15. 23) and trait (F = 18. 50) were reduced. This effect remained stable at follow-up stage. In addition, among the three methods, EMDR was more effective on state anxiety than the other two interventions (P= 0. 015). Conclusion: Since, all the three methods can improve behavioral strategies by influencing irrational thoughts and emotion release, they are effective ways to reduce anxiety in PTSD patients.
 
Keyword(s): behavioral,cognitive,desensitization,emotional release,eye movements,post traumatic stress,reprocessing
 
 
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APA: Copy

Alamdar Baghini, A., & Mohammadtehrani, H., & BEHBODI, M., & KIAMANESH, A. (2020). Comparison of effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Emotional Freedom Technique in reducing anxiety in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, 13(4 (52) ), 625-650. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=709138



Vancouver: Copy

Alamdar Baghini A., Mohammadtehrani H., BEHBODI M., KIAMANESH A.R.. Comparison of effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Emotional Freedom Technique in reducing anxiety in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY. 2020 [cited 2022July03];13(4 (52) ):625-650. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=709138



IEEE: Copy

Alamdar Baghini, A., Mohammadtehrani, H., BEHBODI, M., KIAMANESH, A., 2020. Comparison of effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Emotional Freedom Technique in reducing anxiety in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, [online] 13(4 (52) ), pp.625-650. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=709138.



 
 
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