Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SUMMER 2006 , Volume - , Number 26; Page(s) 57 To 66.
 
Paper: 

THE SENSE OF SPACE AND ITS FACTORS

 
 
Author(s):  FALAHAT M.S.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF ZANJAN
 
Abstract: 

The sense of place can be defined as people's cognitive image and their feeling toward their environment. The sense of place makes an inherent relationship between people and place, so it can bond people's feeling with conceptual field of environment. For some particular people the sense of place is a factor that converts a space to a place with certain environmental and behavioral features. It makes people not only feel an environment comfortable, but also support people's intended cultural field and their social interactions in a certain place. The sense of place helps people to find their identity and remember their memories and experiences. Development of human societies and changing the ways of life make architectures and designers pay more attention to the qualities of spaces and built environment. Therefore the role of designing as an equipment to form life environment and response human needs, become more important. Many researches have been done about interrelationship between space or built environment and people's behavior and cognitive maps. These studies also show that the environment rather than physical elements is composed of massages and meanings that people understand them and judge them by their roles, expectations, exciting and other factors.
After this perception and judgment people find a whole sense toward the certain environment, this sense means the sense of place. The sense of place is an important factor in coordinating people and environment by make better use of environment, satisfaction and finally creates place attachment and encourage people to stay more in the place. Poets and literatures describe life and events by the character of the place. These descriptions show that the sense of place is a collection of personal and social stories and narratives which happened in the place. As designs and qualities of space influence on the sense of place, the concept of the sense of place and some significant factors that can influence on it have been explained in this article. It also shows that physical attributes of environment and users' cognitive features excessively effect people's feeling toward a space. Place and space have different meanings, but the attribute of the place that this article want to demonstrate is more specify and is incorporated with human values. To explain the concept of the sense of place, its meaning, the way that different approaches interpret it, its scales and its important features have been described. Finally the article suggests a model which represents how this factors function. This model can also help designers to be aware of the influences of architectural spaces on users' sense of place.

 
Keyword(s): PLACE, SENSE OF PLACE, PLACE ATTACHMENT, THE FACTORS OF SENSE OF PLACE
 
References: 
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