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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MAZANDARAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   JULY 2018 , Volume 28 , Number 162 ; Page(s) 104 To 114.
 
Paper: 

FERTILITY MOTIVATIONS AND THEIR RELATION WITH ATTITUDE TOWARDS GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES FOR CHILDBEARING IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE

 
 
Author(s):  ZARE ZAHRA*, SAFFARI EHSAN, KIAEE TABAR ROYA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, SABZEVAR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SABZEVAR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and purpose: In recent years a severe decline occurred in fertility rates in Iran, therefore, policy makers changed demographic policies since 2012 and provided incentives for families. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between fertility motives and attitudestoward government incentives that could promote childbearing in women in fertility ages. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 450 women (18-35 yearsof age) attending health centers in Sabzevar, Iran 2016, using convenience and cluster samplings. Theinclusion criteria were being married and not pregnant at the time of study. Demographic information wasrecorded and data was collected using Childbearing Motivations Scale and the scale for Attitude towardsGovernmental Incentives on Childbearing. Data analysis was done applying descriptive statistics, Pearsoncorrelation tests, Spearman, and Kruskal Wallis test. P value of ≤ 0. 05 was considered to be significant. Results: There was a significant direct correlation between the positive fertility motivation andfree mother and child insurance (P= 0. 004), free monthly check-ups, free pregnant mothers' food coupon(P= 0. 01), and increased maternal leave (P= 0. 01). In current study, a significant reverse correlation wasfound between negative fertility motivation and offering gold (P= 0. 01), home mortgage and loans (P=0. 001), providing home (P= 0. 001), and paternity leave (P= 0. 004). Conclusion: According to this study government incentives on childbearing must focus on majoreffective factors on fertility motivation i. e. free mother and child insurance, offering gold, home mortgageand loans, and providing homes to the families.
 
Keyword(s): FERTILITY MOTIVATIONS, GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES FOR CHILDBEARING, ATTITUDE, WOMEN, FERTILITY
 
References: 
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