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Journal:   ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE   April 2000 , Volume 3 , Number 2; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

Drug And Chemical Poisoning In Northern Iran

 
 
Author(s):  Sobhani A.R., Shojaii-Tehrani H., Nikpour E., Norouzi Rad N.
 
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Abstract: 
Background and Objectives-Poisoning due to drugs and chemicals is influenced to a large extent by the population’s socioeconomic and cultural status. The purpose of our study was to determine and present the pattern of poisoning with drugs and chemicals in 2 poisoning referral centers in Gilan province, northern Iran, and to analyze medical and social parameters involved. Methods-This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on 1215 cases of poisoning (with drugs and chemicals) who were hospitalized in 2 poisoning referral centers, namely, Razi and 17-Shahrivar Hospitals in Rasht during a three-year period. Chi-square and a values were considered for the statistical analysis. Results-Five-hundred and twenty-six of the poisoning cases (25%) were children and 1625 cases (75%) were adults. Poisoning was most common in the 15-64 years age group and in women. In order of frequency, the three most common causes of poisoning in adults were organophosphorous compounds, rat-killers, tranquilizers and anticonvulsants, and in children they were kerosene oil, detergents, and metoclopramide. The fatality rate was 1-4%. A significant statistical relationship (p<0.05) was noted between the type of poison and patient’s age, sex, occupation, residence (village/city), cause of poisoning (intentional/ accidental) and season in which the poisoning occurred. Conclusion-It was seen that women between 15-64 years of age were more prone to suicidal poisoning with organophosphorous compounds in spring and summer and children of 1-4 years of age were more susceptible to accidental poisoning with kerosene oil and its derivatives in the spring. The fatality rate of this study was higher as compared to other cities in Iran and other industrialized countries. It is thus recommended that more preventive measures be taught to the general population.
 
Keyword(s): DRUG TOXICITY · DRUG POISONING · CHEMICAL POISONING
 
 
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APA: Copy

SOBHANI, A., & SHOJAII-TEHRANI, H., & NIKPOUR, E., & NOROUZI RAD, N. (2000). DRUG AND CHEMICAL POISONING IN NORTHERN IRAN . ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE, 3(2), 0-0. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=29535



Vancouver: Copy

SOBHANI A.R., SHOJAII-TEHRANI H., NIKPOUR E., NOROUZI RAD N.. DRUG AND CHEMICAL POISONING IN NORTHERN IRAN . ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE. 2000 [cited 2022August19];3(2):0-0. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=29535



IEEE: Copy

SOBHANI, A., SHOJAII-TEHRANI, H., NIKPOUR, E., NOROUZI RAD, N., 2000. DRUG AND CHEMICAL POISONING IN NORTHERN IRAN . ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE, [online] 3(2), pp.0-0. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=29535.



 
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