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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES   SUMMER 2006 , Volume - , Number 50 (SPECIAL ISSUE ON PHILOSOPHY); Page(s) 175 To 192.
 
Paper: 

KANT AND THE CRISIS OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE ENLIGHTENMENT

 
 
Author(s):  MORAD KHANI A.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY (TEHRAN- NORTH BRANCH)
 
Abstract: 

In the domain of epistemology, the outcomes of the Enlightenment can be summarized in two main points: 1) the critics on the ground of reason, 2) mechanical approach to nature. Thus, the Enlightenment encountered crisis. Skepticism, on the one hand threatened the critical thought and materialism, on the other hand, emerged with naturalism. Therefore, saving critics or critical thought from Skepticism and naturalism from materialism became the main issue. Kant's transcendental idealism sought to overcome the problems though relating objectivity and causality. Kant's great endeavor was questioned in his time. This paper is an effort to describe Kant's endeavor and its critics.

 
Keyword(s): KNOWLEDGE (EPISTEME), REASON, ENLIGHTENMENT, KANT, TRANSCENDENTAL IDEALISM
 
References: 
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