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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION   FALL 2006 , Volume 6 , Number 2 (16); Page(s) 27 To 32.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL METHODS IN CHANGING GIRL STUDENTS' NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS MENSTRUATION, IN INTERMEDIATE SCHOOLS OF ISFAHAN

 
 
Author(s):  BAHADORAN P.*, OREYZI SAMANI SEYED HAMID REZA
 
* MIDWIFERY DEPARTMENT, SCHOOL PF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, HEZARJARIB AVE. ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: A Girl’s attitude towards menstruation has an important role in her future social compatibi-lity, and also her role as a mother and wife. The aim of this research was to compare three educational methods including training adolescents’ parents, adolescents via pamphlet and adolescents via discussion, in order to change their negative attitudes toward menstruation. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 256 high school girls aged between 12-14 years, in intermediate schools of Isfahan in 2004. Two intermediate schools from different districts of board of education were randomly selected for each educational method. The pre-test was administered before, and the post-test after the training. A 40 item questionnaire using 5 point Likert scale, measured their attitude. Paired t-test, ANOVA and ANCOVA were used for data analysis by SPSS software. Results: There was a significant difference between mean scores of pre and post- test in discussion group and parent education group but not in education via pamphlet. Discussion was the most efficient method among these three educational methods. Conclusion: Discussion method is the best way to improve the girls’ attitude towards menstruation. Parent education is also a useful method. But, educating by pamphlet which is the most used method has less efficiency. 

 
Keyword(s): ATTITUDE, PARENT EDUCATION, MENSTRUATION, STUDENT
 
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