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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CURRENT OPHTHALMOLOGY   2004 , Volume 17 , Number 4; Page(s) 26 To 30.
 
Paper: 

HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION AND THE RISK FOR GLAUCOMA

 
 
Author(s):  FEGHHI M.*, HAJIANI ESKANDAR, KHATAMINIA GHOLAM REZA
 
* EMEM KHOMENI HOSPITAL, AHVAZ JOUNDISHAPOUR UNIVERSTY OF MEDICAL SCINCES
 
Abstract: 

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is the major pathogenic factor for peptic ulcer disease. Its epidemiology is not fully known; few data are available in patients with glaucoma.
Aims: To investigate the prevalence of glaucoma in a series of patients with Helicobacter Pylori infection.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, a total of 56 consecutive patients with Helicobacter Pylori infection and 56 controls (health examinees) were included. The presence of Helicobacter Pylori was assessed by histological findings and antibodies using a commercial ELlSA kit. Visual acuity, lOP, C/D ratio, angle and visual field were evaluated.
Results: This study included 56 patients with Helicobacter Pylori infection, consisting of 24 female (42.86%) and 31 male (55.36%) with mean age of 51 years (40-75 years), without any previous known disease, over a 20 month period.
The range of lOP was 6-19 mmHg (mean 13.82 mm/Hg) in the right and 10-18 mmHg (mean 13.94 mm/Hg) ill left eye. CD ratio was 0.3-0.45 in the right eye and 0.30-0.40 in left eye.
The angle was classified as open in 50 cases (89.28%) and grade 2-3 in the other 6 cases (10.76%).
Conclusion: This study suggests that exposure to Helicobacter Pylori infection is not associated with glaucoma. Although we have failed to show a possible causal link between Helicobacter Pylori and glaucoma, a much larger study is probably required.

 
Keyword(s): GLAUCOMA, HELICOBACTER PYLORI, GASTRIC ULCER
 
References: 
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