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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICAL COUNCIL OF I.R.I.   WINTER 2007 , Volume 24 , Number 4; Page(s) 412 To 422.
 
Paper: 

RENAL COLIC: PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT

 
 
Author(s):  ZIAEE S.A.M.*, SIMFOROOSH N., ZAND S.
 
* PASDARAN ST, SHAHID LABBAFINEJAD MEDICAL CENTER, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Renal colic not only leads to significant morbidity, but also imposes a financial burden on society in that it decreases productivity and increases healthcare costs.
Methods: A review of medical literature regarding reno - urethral colic was performed using MEDLINE and on-line publications, like European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines. Clinical presentation of renal colic, mechanisms of urethral peristalsis and pathophysiology of renal colic were studied. An overview of available medical treatments was presented.
Findings: The classic presentation of acute renal colic is sudden onset of severe pain in flank, primarily caused by acute urethral obstruction. The pain associated with urethral obstruction is caused by a rise in intra luminal pressure which produces an increase in urethral smooth muscle tension. The diagnosis is often made on clinical symptoms. The objectives of therapy at this stage are to eliminate pain, preserve renal function and eliminate the obstruction. Many drugs have been used in the treatment of renal colic, such as NSAIDs, opioid analgesics, and even loco-regional anesthesia and acupuncture. Nonetheless, the safest and most effective treatment has not yet been clearly defined.
Conclusion: An accurate understanding of the pathophysiology of reno- urethral colic allows the physician to tailor the best treatment for each patient. Although many drugs have been suggested for treating renal colic, it seems that the first line medications should be NSAIDs, mostly in oral form. Fluid intake is encouraged and chemical analysis of stone should be performed whenever possible.

 
Keyword(s): RENAL COLIC TREATMENT, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, NSAID, OPIATES
 
References: 
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