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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH (JMR)   SUMMER 2005 , Volume 3 , Number 4; Page(s) 10 To 30.
 
Paper: 

JUDGMENT OF FREQUENCY AND RECALL IN PATIENTS WITH GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER AND MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS VERSUS NORMAL CONTROLS

 
 
Author(s):  SEIFI M.Y., GOUDARZI M.A., TAGHAVI S.M.R.*, RAHIMI C.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, ERAM HILL, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Anxiety and depression are the most common psychological phenomena from which human beings suffer. Recent research has shown that anxiety and depression have biases in different areas of the information processing system. These findings can not be simply explained by the theories of Beck or Bower who believe that anxiety and depression are related with similar mood-congruent biases in all areas of the information processing system. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance of patients with major depressive disorders (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) versus normal controls in two different tasks, judgment of frequency and recall, in order to evaluate William's theory.
Materials and Methods: To the end, 16 patients with MDD and 16 patients with GAD were selected from the clients of clinics in Shahr-e-Kord via clinical interview and BDI and BAI inventories. These two patient groups were matched by age, gender and education variables with 17 normal controls. Participants responded to the "Judgment of Frequency and Recall Computerized Task". In this task, participants were confronted with 3 groups of words (threatening, depressive and neutral) that appeared with different frequency in a randomized order. Then they estimated the frequency of each word in the presentation phase and finally recalled words.
Results: The results of this study showed that bothclinical groups had judgmental bias with mood-congruent affective words. However, only depressed patients showed a mood-congruent bias towards depressive words in the recall memory task.
Conclusion: The present study confirmed that the difference between clinical anxiety and clinical depression in explicit and implicit memory could be explained by William's theory rather than the previous theories such as those of Beck and Bower.

 
Keyword(s): JUDGMENT OF FREQUENCY, RECALL, EMOTIONAL WORDS, GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER, MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
 
References: 
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