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Paper Information

Journal:   MOTOR BEHAVIOR (RESEARCH ON SPORT SCIENCE)   FALL 2016 , Volume 8 , Number 25 #M00152; Page(s) 29 To 46.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AEROBIC VERSUS PILATES TRAINING ON COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF ELDERLY FEMALES

 
 
Author(s):  MOVAHEDI A.R.*, RAJABI H., REZVANI BOROOJENI E.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN
 
Abstract: 

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of aerobic versus Pilates training on cognitive function of elderly females. A total of 54 elderly females were randomly divided into aerobic (mean age=67.78 ± 4.85 years), Pilates (mean age=66.50 ± 5.49 years) and control (mean age=68.58 ± 6.27 years) groups. The experimental groups exercised for 12 weeks, three sessions per week, 60 minutes per session. The participants of the control group were required not to participate in any organized physical activity and just were asked to do their normal and regular daily activities. To assess cognitive function, we used Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST).
We performed one-way ANOVA for data analysis using SPSS software version 16.
Results showed that both Pilates and aerobic training resulted in improved preservative errors (a cognitive item which forms concepts and helps to create cognitive flexibility) of elderly females (P<0.001), but it was found that the Pilates training was more helpful for improving preservative errors of elderly females than aerobic training (P<0.05). No significant difference was found among groups in the cognitive item categories achievement (P=0.052). It seems that the repetitive mental concentration, as it is the nature of Pilates, could account for the superiority of the Pilates over aerobics in improving cognitive function.

 
Keyword(s): ELDERLY, PILATES, AEROBICS, COGNITIVE FUNCTION
 
References: 
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