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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL RESEARCHES (UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN)   SPRING 2015 , Volume 51 , Number 1 (25) #L00152; Page(s) 103 To 120.
 
Paper: 

UTOPIA OF DESPOTIC IRAN A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO IRAN OF SAFAVID ERA FROM VIEW POINT OF FRENCH PHILOSOPHERS OF ENLIGHTENMENT AGE

 
 
Author(s):  TORK LADANI S., ROKNI S.
 
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Abstract: 

During The history of each land, some turning points have been impact on foundation of that land. Indubitably, in ancient Iran, the religion companied by government and under influence of ecological conditions and common customs caused the foundation of government that substantially differs from ones in other lands. As a result of this despotic government, idealistic Iran was established. Subsequently, Authors of other countries decided to explain the feathers of this land in their works. Safavid era regarded to be one the most important periods of the presence of the foreign passengers in Iran. The travelogues of these passengers sufficiently indicate the social, political and religious conditions of Iran during Safavid era. Meanwhile, they had effects on some eminent writers like Voltaire and Montesquieu to picture idealistic Iran during seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in their works. This Study aims to indicate the effects of the works of Montesquieu and Voltaire and other philosophers of eighteenth century which considered to be under influence of utopia of Iran on weather theory in formation of governments in Iran based on Montesquieu's approach by employing travelogues of foreign passengers like Chardin and Tavernier. And also reply to this question that Montesquieu, based what documentations, knows Iran's despotic government originated from its hot and dry climate? And in principle are these ideas exist or not.

 
Keyword(s): UTOPIA, MONTESQUIEU, CHARDIN, ZOROASTER, DESPOTISM, THOMAS MOOR, ECOLOGY AND WEATHER THEORY
 
References: 
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