Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCATION   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 8 , Number 2 #M00158; Page(s) 27 To 36.
 
Paper:  ROLE OF SPIRITUAL HEALTH AND MINDFULNESS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL OF STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF GUILAN
 
Author(s):  GHASEMI JOBANEH R., ZAHRAKAR K., HAMDAMI M., KARIMI K.
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: psychological capital as an important element of educational system in students is necessary. The aim of current research was to investigate the role of spiritual health and mindfulness in psychological capital of students.
Method: This is a correlation study. The Statistical population consisted of 2500 students of faculty of Humanities in University of Guilan that 335 students were selected by cluster random sampling method in the academic year of 2013-14. they responded to the Luthans’s psychological capital, palutzian and Ellison’s spiritual health questionnaire and Short form of Freiburg’s mindfulness inventory with acceptable reliability and validity. The gathered data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis through SPSS.
Results: Results showed that there is a positive and significant relation between spiritual health and mindfulness with psychological capital (efficacy, resilience, optimism, hope) (P<0.01). The results of stepwise regression analysis showed that spiritual health and mindfulness could significantly predict psychological capital.
Conclusion: The result of research implies the importance of spiritual health and mindfulness as spiritual and psychological variables in explaining of psychological capital. Thus, training based on promoting spiritual health and mindfulness in educational systems lead to improving psychological capital among students.

 
Keyword(s): PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITALS, SPIRITUAL HEALTH, MINDFULNESS, STUDENTS
 
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