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Paper Information

Journal:   BINA   Winter 2004 , Volume 9 , Number 2 (34); Page(s) 165 To 171.
 
Paper: 

LATE CONCURRENT OPHTHALMIC AND RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS OF MUSTARD GAS

 
 
Author(s):  GHASEMI BOROUMAND M., AGIN K., AMIRI Z.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To evaluate the late concurrent ophthalmic and respiratory complications of mustard gas exposure in warfare patients in the department of medical consultations of Bonyade Janbazan of Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive study, we evaluated 500 males patients aged 30 to 50 whose mustard gas injury period was more than 10 years. The complications were classified as mild, moderate, and severe.
Results: Out of 500 patients, 48% were aged 30-35, 27.2% lived in a humid climate. Mustard gas exposure occurred once in 82.2%, twice in 12.2%, three times in 1.8%, and more than 3 times in 3.8% of the cases. They used ophthalmic, respiratory, and dermal medications in 77.2% and 99.2% had dermal complications. The degree of ophthalmic complications was mild in 80%, moderate in 13.2%, and severe in 6.8% and the degree of respiratory complications was mild in 69.2%, moderate in 19.8%, and severe in 11.6%. Late respiratory complications were significantly more than ophthalmic ones.
Conclusion: Late moderate and severe respiratory complications were more than common ophthalmic lesions, but mild late ophthalmic complications were more common than respiratory ones.

 
Keyword(s): MUSTARD GAS, LATE OPHTHALMIC COMPLICATIONS, LATE RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS, WARFARE PATIENTS
 
References: 
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