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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ILAM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   Winter 2005 , Volume 13 , Number 4; Page(s) 55 To 61.
 
Paper: 

INCIDENCE OF NOSOCOMIAL PNEUMONIA AND BACTERIAL AGENTS CAUSING THIS INFECTION IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT IN GHAEM EDUCATIONAL HOSPITAL IN MASHHAD

 
 
Author(s):  GHAZVINI K., GHANAAT J., MALEK JAFARIAN M., YAZDAN PANAH M., LRANI N.
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: Nosocomial pneumonia increases patients' morbidity, mortality, length of hospitalization and treatment, and remedial costs, paticularly for ICU patients. Therefore, knowledge about the frequency and distribution of nosocomial pneumonia is important to improve infection control measures. This study aims at investigating such status in Ghaem Hospital of Mashhad.
Materials & Methods: The data were collected during a twelve months period in 2004 and 2005 from ICUs of Ghaem Hospital using the standard surveillance protocols and nosocomial pneumonia definitions. Statistical analysis was performed using x2 test.
Finds: Among 259 admitted patients, 33 cases of nosocomial pneumonia were discovered. Lower respiratory infections were almost always associated with use of an invasive device. Klebsiella pneumonia (57.5%) was the most common species reported from all nosocomial pneumonias. Other isolated bacteria were Acinetobacter spp. Pseudomonas aeroginosa and other species of Enterobacteriacae.
Conclusion: These findings prove the ICUs to be an area of great concern in terms of nosocomial infection control, Therfore, preventive measures to nosocomial pneumonia should be reviewed and intensified at the ICU of Ghaem Hospital, particularly as related to mechanical ventilation.

 
Keyword(s): NOSOCOMIAL PNEUMONIA, INTENSIVE CARE UNIT, BACTERIA
 
References: 
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