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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ILAM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   Winter 2005 , Volume 13 , Number 4; Page(s) 40 To 46.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATING EFFECTIVE FACTORS ON FERTILITY USING PATH ANALYSIS IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE

 
 
Author(s):  SOLEYMANI A., MAHMOUDI M., RAHIMI A.
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: Today fertility plays a major role in population growth. As fertility is a part of social, economic, and cultural elements, we will be able to manage and control these elements if only we would find a significant relation between if and the elements, directly or indirectly.
Materials & Methods: The needed data were collected in Mazandaran province in 2000 by a questionaires of three parts; demographic information generation information, and family planning. The research is a descriptive_analytic one in which sampling was performed by random two-stage method. A sample of 1343families were investigated to 95 percent reliance. However, 1137 women were studied. Among effective elements on fertility, the mother's age, and educatedness, the length of marriage, the age of marriage the age of the first fertility, gender preference, number of favorite children and using preventive methods were evaluated and different effects were calculated using path analysis.
Finds: The finds showed that the length of marriage (0.428) and mother's age (0.198) had the most positive direct effect on fertility. Number of favorite children had the least passive direct effect on fertility (0.076). Mother's knowledge had the most negative direct effect (-0.178). Mother's age had also the most positive indirect effect (0.393) and her education had the most negative in direct effect (-0.264).The age of marriage had the greatest unknown effect out of model (0.99) and the least was the length of marriage (0.293). All the calculated effects illustrated considerable difference with zero (P-value<0.001).
Conclusion: Since fertility can be managed by the mentioned elements, as it is not possible to control all the elements, it would be recommended to concentrate on the length of marriage and the mothers' education. That is because these two factors have the most role in controlling fertility.

 
Keyword(s): TEMPO OF FERTILITY, QUANTUM OF FERTILITY, MODE LING, PATH ANALYSIS
 
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