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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOSCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY   2015 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 61 To 66.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM BEEF BONE MARROW

 
 
Author(s):  DIDAR Z.*
 
* NEYSHABUR BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, NEYSHABUR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study is concerned with the viability of producing biodiesel from waste beef bone fat and evaluate this product according to the quality requirements defined by ASTM D- 6751. Accordingly, beef bone fat was heated to remove the moisture under vacuum at 60oC Alkaline Catalysed Transesterfication was carried out by using 6:1 molar ratio of ethanol to fat in the presence of 1% w/w sodium hydroxide, at 78oC for 2h. Acid- Catalysed Transesterfication reaction of beef bone fat was carried out using 30:1 molar of ethanol to fat in the presence of 1% sulfuric acid at 78oC, for 69h. Two- stage acid base trans esterification is also carried out for biodiesel production. The resulted biodiesel from alkaline reaction meet the quality requirement better than the acid reaction but both biodiesel did not comply with the European Standard parameters namely kinematic viscosity, specific gravity, density, and cloud point.

 
Keyword(s): BEEF BONE FAT, BIODIESEL, TRANS ESTERIFICATION
 
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