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Paper Information

Journal:   NUTRITION AND FOOD SCIENCES RESEARCH   NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2014 , Volume 1 , Number SUPPL. (1); Page(s) 176 To 177.
 
Paper: 

ASSESSING THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FOOD INSECURITY AS WELL AS SOME OTHER SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AND RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, IN PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

 
 
Author(s):  MORADI S.*, DOROSTY A.R., TAVAKOLI R., NOORI JALIANI K.
 
* TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Abstract: 

Background: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for an always active and healthy life Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs, but principally attacks joints. Previous study had not been conducted to assess food insecurity and accociation rheumatoid arthritis in Iran, thus the objective of this study was assessing the association between food insecurity as well as some other socio-economic factors and rheumatoid arthritis, in newly diagnosed patients.
Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 60 patients with rheumatoid arthritis as cases (9 males, 51 females, mean age 41.95) Were admitted to the clinics of Shariati and Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran and as controls (9 males, 51 females, mean age 41.7) while age and sex and had matched, in 2013. General, Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and food insecurity status assessed using general, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and 18-items USDA household food security questionnaires, respectively. Chi square and conditional logistic regression tests were applied using SPSS IBM20.0 statistical software.
Results: The prevalence of food insecurity was 82% in cases and 18% was food secure. Variables including food insecurity, economic level, job, education level, marriage.
However after multiple conditional logistic regression, only variables including food insecurity and marriage were significantly associated to rheumatoid arthritis (P<0.05).
Food insecurity score were significantly associated to pain score, severity of illness, morning stiffness and joint inflammation (P<0.001).
Conclusion: In this study many risk factors including food insecurity and marriage were significantly associated to rheumatoid arthritis. Apparently, food insecurity is one of the important risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis, planners should pay attention to it. Assessment and identifying of food insecurity and associated factors can greatly help policymakers, officials and other institutions in order to design programs, intervene where is needed and evaluate.

 
Keyword(s): FOOD INSECURITY, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, IRAN
 
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