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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF DENTAL MEDICINE   2005 , Volume 18 , Number 3 (44); Page(s) 31 To 37.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF CANAL CURVATURE PRESERVATION IN MOLAR TEETH PREPARED AT ENDODONTIC DEPARTMENT OF DENTAL SCHOOL, DURING A FIVE YEARS PERIOD (2000-2004)

 
 
Author(s):  VAHID A.*, NOROUZI SH., GOLESTAN B.
 
* Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Preserving canal curvature during different phases of canal preparation is an important point. In Endodontic therapy all efforts are made to prepare canal in a way that final canal follows the primary canal curvature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of root canal preparation performed by students at Endodontic Department of Dental School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, classic method of step- back technique was investigated for preserving canal curvature in mesial roots of first mandibular molars and mesiobuccal roots of first maxillary molars between years 2000 and 2004. A randomly selected sample of 400 dental patient records was investigated by 4 observers (Endodontic department professors), searching for procedural errors. A clear explanation sheet of curvature preservation and procedural errors such as ledge formation, apical foramen transportation, zipping and stripping and a questionnaire were prepared for observers. The observers went through reliability test and kappa value for agreement between every two observers. The results were above 0.8. Data were analyzed by EPI6 statistical computer program, using Chi-Square and Fisher exact test with P<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: This study consisted of 152 first maxillary molars and 248 first mandibular molars. The prevalence of curvature preservation in mesial root of first mandibular molars and mesiobuccal root of first maxillary molars were 38.5% and 47.6% respectively. Procedural errors detected consisted of 33% ledge formation, 26.1% apical foramen transportation, 1.8% zipping and 4.1% stripping for mesial root of the first mandibular molars. The results for the first maxillary molars were 27%, 19%, 3.2% and 3.2% respectively.

Conclusion: The study results revealed the efficacy of endodontic education and the proficiency of junior and senior students in preparing curved posterior root canals. The results obtained in this retrospective study are comparable to prospective studies.

 
Keyword(s): STEP- BACK TECHNIQUE, APICAL FORAMEN TRANSPORTATION, ZIPPING, STRIPPING, CANAL PREPARATION
 
References: 
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