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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 26 , Number 4 (77); Page(s) 245 To 249.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF ALLERGIC RHINITIS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RHINO SINUSITIS

 
 
Author(s):  BAKHSHAEE MEHDI, JABARI FARAHZAD, GHASSEMI MOHAMMAD MEHDI*, HOURZAD SHIVA, DEUTSCHER RUSSELL, NAHID KIANOOSH
 
* SINUS AND SURGICAL ENDOSCOPIC RESEARCH CENTER, GHAEM HOSPITAL, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction:
Chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial disease. Allergies are considered a predisposing factor to CRS; however, this remains controversial. The objective of this research was to investigate the prevalence of co-morbidities and allergic reaction, and to specify the most common allergens in patients with confirmed CRS.
Materials and Methods:
One hundred patients with signs and symptoms of CRS who met the diagnostic endoscopic and radiologic criteria of chronic rhino sinusitis were selected. They filled out a questionnaire and underwent a skin prick test for the common inhalant allergens. Allergic rhinitis was diagnosed according to the history and positive skin prick tests.
Results:
The mean age of patients was 34. Males were slightly more involved (54%). The prevalence of polypoid and none-polypoid rhino sinusitis was 54% and 46% respectively. The patients’ most common symptoms were nasal discharge (95%), blockage (94%), smell disorders (63%), cough (45%), halitosis (41%), lethargy (37%), and aural fullness (36%). Allergy to at least one allergen was noted in 64% of the CRS patients which is higher than general population in Mashhad, Iran with allergic rhinitis (22.4%). Salsola was the most common allergen. There was no significant difference in allergic reactions between polypoid and non-polypoid CRS patients.
Conclusion:
Allergic reactions was found in Iranian CRS patients with or without polyposis to be much higher than general population in Mashhad with allergic rhinitis alone.

 
Keyword(s): ALLERGY, CHRONIC RHINO SINUSITIS, POLYPOSIS, SKIN PRICK TEST
 
References: 
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