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Paper Information

Journal:   SOCIAL WELFARE   Spring 2005 , Volume 4 , Number 16; Page(s) 221 To 250.
 
Paper: 

SOCIO - ECONOMIC CRISES AND THREATS: CAUSES AND MOTIVES IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  RAIS DANA F.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

It is rather impossible to give a finite definition for crisis either quantitutively or qualitatively, and therefore researchers usually refer to the varieties of the syndromes of this issue. Syndromes however may not give enough information about hidden crisis. The crises are not exactly those that are called as unilateral threats. Threats are in some occasions against the relations and the structure of deteriorated and corrupt established institutes and power as well as against what is acting as a break for development and progress. Crisis is differes with threat. In order to recognize any crisis one should regard to the aspects as velocity, spread, motivation, organization, and leadership (though very light). The issues like strike, demonstration, mating, revolt, movement, sabotage, underground action, disturbance, etc are different with each other. These aspects, however, can appear as the signs and forms of the real crisis, although some social groups and governments use them for labeling. The motives of the crisis may include social, ethnic, cultural religious, political, and economic entities. But all crises may transfer any of these motives to another one, and / or to combine them. Among main factors that stem from any social systems, the class conflict, economic demands, social problems, and contradiction are regarded as most important one. These factors may act as sudden and / or as apparent or hidden factors that cause. The crisis to be expanded and radicalized. In the modem social system, the government may cause the crisis to move toward foreign interventionists or domestic abusers, both taking advantage from unconsciousness, if they would not be able to use democratic powerful control system for either prevention or confrontation.

 
Keyword(s): CRISIS, CRISIS MOTIVE, HIDEN AND APPARANT CRISIS, CLASS MOTIVES,SOCIAL ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL MOTIVES, SOCIAL SYSTEM, REVOLT, UPHEARAL, DEMONSTRATION
 
References: 
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