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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES   Spring 2002 , Volume - , Number 33; Page(s) 75 To 96.
 
Paper: 

LITERARY TYPES

 
 
Author(s):  DARAM M.*
 
* Department of Literature and Foreign Languages Shahid Chamran University -Ahvaz
 
Abstract: 

Classification of literary works into the types such as epic or tragedy, is called a typological approach to literature since the time of Aristotle, the typological approach has been among the major concepts of the literary theory. A great part of the world literature and its criticism has been founded on typological classification of each literary work and determination of its compatibility with the typological characteristics.
Over the recent decades, however, the typological classification has cast doubt over the traditional classification with its Aristotelian origin, in view of the modern means of expression and emergence of mass media such as television and movie and so on which in addition to employing the traditional types of literature, have innovated other means of expression. This has resulted in the appearance of new interpretations and understandings of each type of literature, and created a new Classification. The development has not only challenged the traditional outlook, but also intrigued hot debates on the key concepts of this method, particularly, the phenomenon of interference and composition of different types in a single work. Today, the literary types are no longer considered as absolute and fixed, but they are discussed under the influence of historical development and evolution of typological systems in literature, sociology of types and the relationship between literary types and gender. Consequently, at the present age, the typological characteristics of literary works are considered as historical and relative phenomena.

 
Keyword(s): LITERATURE, LITERARY TYPES, THEORY OF LITERARY TYPES,CLASSIFICATION OF LITERARY TYPES, TYPOLOGICAL APPROACH, ARISTOTLE, NARRATIVE, DRAMATIC, LYRIC POETRY, METHOD OF EXPRESSION, ROMANTICISTS, FORMALISTS
 
References: 
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