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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SABZEVAR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   WINTER 2014 , Volume 20 , Number 4; Page(s) 563 To 572.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF TWO AQUATIC EXERCISE SESSIONS WITH DIFFERENT DURATION ON ADIPONECTIN AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

 
 
Author(s):  HOSSEINI KAKHK SEYED ALI REZA, ATTARNEJAD ZAHRA, HOSSEINI HAGHIGHI AMIR*
 
* FACULTY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY, HAKIM SABZEVARI UNIVERSITY, SABZEVAR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Adiponectin is an adipocytokine that is hypothesized to be involved in insulin resistance and diabetes. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two different single-session aquatic exercises on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance in women with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and methods: In an experimental study with crossover design, eight postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes (mean age 56.6
±4.9 years) were randomly assigned to three groups: control (Con), low duration (LD) exercise (45-50 min), and moderate duration (MD) exercise (65-70 min). Blood samples were taken immediately and 24 hours after exercise. Data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures analysis of variance, in SPSS software version 16 (P<0.05).
Results: There were no significant differences in adiponectin level between groups immediately and 24 hours after exercise (P=0.70, P=0.97 respectively). Increase in insulin level after exercise was lower in LD and MD groups compared to Con. group (P=0.013). Insulin level was lower in LD group than MD group, 24 hour after exercise (P<0.042). Immediately after exercise, more significant increase in glucose was observed in LD group than MD group (P<0.02). There were no significant difference between groups in glucose concentration, 24 after exercise (P=0.88). HOMA-IR significantly reduced in LD and MD groups immediately after exercise (P<0.01). However, There were no significant differences between groups, 24 after exercise (P=0.06).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that acute aquatic exercise reduces insulin resistance without any changes in adiponectin levels.

 
Keyword(s): AQUATIC EXERCISE, ADIPONECTIN, INSULIN, HOMA-IR, TYPE II DIABETES
 
References: 
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