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Paper Information

Journal:   PAJOUHESH DAR PEZESHKI   Summer 2005 , Volume 29 , Number 2; Page(s) 179 To 186.
 
Paper: 

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BEHAVIORAL- ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND OBESITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS OF AHWAZ

 
 
Author(s):  DOROSTI A.R., TABATABAIE M.
 
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Abstract: 

Background: Increment in childhood and adolescence obesity prevalence during the recent years has made many investigators to achieve studies in this regard. Factors related to fetal and early infancy as well as behavioral factors are studied in many of these studies worldwide. This study was aimed to determine some of these factors in Ahwaz primary school students.
Materials and methods: Using two stage cluster sampling from 35 Ahwaz primary schools, all 10-11 years old students who had a BMI ≥95th percentile of Iranian reference were identified as obese (n=150) and 150 age - and gender-matched students (BMI<85th percentile) were selected as controls. A demographic questionnaire was completed and physical activity was assessed by Baeck Physical Activity Questionnaire.
Results: Results have indicated that obese students had significantly higher birth weight as compared to non-obese ones; meanwhile, BMI was inversely correlated with the age of supplementary feeding introduction in obese students. Duration of watching TV and playing computer was associated with BMI in this group. Obese students had significantly less physical activity and sleeping duration. Race, gestational age, season of birth, birth order, breast-feeding duration, and sleeping regularity were not significantly differed between obese and non-obese students.
Conclusion: High birth weight, early introduction of supplementary feeding, long time TV watching and playing computer, low sleep duration and low physical activity were associated with obesity among Ahwaz primary school children.

 
Keyword(s): OBESITY, STUDENT, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS, BEHAVIORAL FACTORS
 
References: 
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