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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (JAST)   JANUARY-APRIL 2004 , Volume 6 , Number 1-2; Page(s) 63 To 72.
 
Paper: 

EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF TWO SENESCENCE INVOLVED GENES IN BRASSICA NAPUS AND ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA

 
 
Author(s):  HADAD R., MORRIS K., BUCHANAN WOLLASTON V.
 
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Abstract: 

Expression analysis was carried out to characterise the level and time of expression of two senescence related cDNAs, LSC650 and LSC54, in Brassica napus and Arabidopsis thaliana. The extent of DNA sequence similarity showed that the LSC650 gene may encode the catalase homologous to Cat3 in Arabidopsis thaliana the role of which is to scavenge H2O2. Also, LSC54 gene encodes a metallothionein protein that may detoxify metal ions in plant cells. Plant leaves were characterised at different developmental stages by biochemical analysis, including chlorophyll and protein assays. Northern analysis revealed strong levels of LSC650 and LSC54 expression in senescent leaves and lower levels in mature green leaves, but very weak or no expression in young leaves in B. napus. The transcription of genes, LSC650 and LSC54, was almost at the same level with few changes between maturity and senescence in leaves of Arabidopsis at different plant growth phases, being due to a possible unknown stress. The results indicate that both genes studied may act as antioxidants, and have a role in scavenging active oxygen species (AOS) caused by catabolism of macromolecules during senescence.

 
Keyword(s): CATALASE, BRASSICA NAPUS, ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA, ACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES (AOS), SENESCENCE, METALLOTHIONEIN-LIKE PROTEIN
 
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